great “magic” of the Disney spell is that he animated the fairy tale only to transfix audiences JACK ZIPES. Breaking the Disney Spellt. It was not once upon a. According to Jack Zipes in his article, “Breaking the Disney Spell,” in From Mouse to Mermaid: “[Walt] Disney employed the most up-to-date. 2 Rumpelstiltskin and the Decline of Female Productivity. 3 Breaking the Disney Spell. 4 Spreading Myths about Iron John. 5 Oz as American Myth.

Author: Kazragis Malasida
Country: Georgia
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Career
Published (Last): 23 August 2004
Pages: 244
PDF File Size: 4.69 Mb
ePub File Size: 1.12 Mb
ISBN: 791-5-22135-152-6
Downloads: 33753
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Grotilar

To Zipes, these things simply were not expressed by Disney. New American Library, Their contribution was in many respects like the dwarfs in Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs: Such male framing drives women to frustration and some women to the point of madness.

These tales did not represent communal values but rather the vales of a particular writer. The oral tales continued to be disseminated through communal gatherings of different kinds, but they were also broadcast by radio and gathered in books by folklorists.

He announces his great spfll at the beginning of the film, and Snow White cannot be fulfilled until he arrives to kiss her. Despite the implications of these themes, Zipes argues that Disney was not acting as a rabble-rouser for social change. Here one is brought together with other viewers not for the development of community, but to be diverted in the French sense of divertissement and American sense of diversion.

However, before discussing Disney’s particular relationship to the breakiny tradition, spekl is important to consider the conditions of early animation in America and role of the animator in general, for all this has a bearing on Disney’s productive relationship with the fairy tale.

Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs was to bring together all the personal spell of Disney’s own story with the destinies of desperate Americans, who sought hope and solidarity in their fight for survival during the Depression of the s. On the other hand, many writers would parody, mock, question, and undermine the classical literary tradition and produce original and subversive tales that were part and parcel of the institution itself.

As Richard Schickel has perceptively remarked, Disney “could make something his own, all right, but that process nearly always dosney the work at hand of its uniqueness, of its soul, if you will. Their actions are what counts in defeating evil.

In fact, for a long time, Disney did not give credit to the artists and technicians who worked on his films.

Such technologies prepared the way for progressive innovation that expanded the mindset of audiences and brought greater awareness and understanding to social conditions and culture; however, such innovations also ushered in the regressive uses of soell reproduction that generated the cult of the personality and commodification of film narratives.


Disney vowed to maintain complete control over all of his productions and introduced many innovations, like sound, improved animation, and color, to his animated films.

I have very happy memories of watching the classic films during my childhood as well as family trips to Disneyland, and Disney’s “Beauty and the Beast” is what sparked my interest in researching the history of the fairy tale more fully, which ultimately led to this blog I would also point to Robin McKinley’s “Beauty” as my other major inspiration, but I’m honestly not sure if I would have ever read it had it not been for my love of the movie.

In addition he had his researchers experiment with colored gels, blurring focus, and filming through frosted glass, and he employed the latest inventions in sound and music to improve the synchronization with the characters on the screen.

Throughout the entire production of this film, Disney had to be consulted and give his approval for each stage of development. As Nancy Armstrong and Leonard Tennenhouse have suggested, “a class of people cannot produce themselves as a ruling class without setting themselves off against certain Others. The celebration of the phallus in the film was indicative of the nature of production in animation studios of the time.

At first, the hero does not want puss’s help, nor will he buy her the boots that she sees in a shop window. Everything is on the surface, one-dimensional, and we are to delight in one-dimensional portrayal and thinking, for it is adorable, easy, and comforting in its simplicity. Thus, the king is dispossessed, and the young man outraces him with the help of his friends. Zipes argues that by the end of the nineteenth century, the literary fairy tale had the following crucial functions as institution in middle-class society:.

Under his direction, the films were carefully scripted to project his story or vision of how a story should be related. Of course, the hero will do anything to obtain the king’s daughter, and he must disguise himself as a masked bullfighter.

Fairy Tale as Myth/myth as Fairy Tale – Jack Zipes – Google Books

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Newer Post Older Post Home. And, as I have argued, Disney was not particularly interested in experimenting with zippes narrative to shock children or provide a new perspective on the traditional story. Did he imprint a particular American vision on the fairy tale through his animated films that dominates our perspective today?


Foundational Essay: Zipes’ “Breaking the Disney Spell”

Merritt makes the interesting point that “Disney’s Snow White is an adaptation of a children’s play Disney saw it as a silent movie during his adolescence still much performed today, written by a male Broadway producer under a female pseudonym; this play was an adaptation of a play for immigrant children from the tenements of lower East Side New York; and that play, in turn, was a translation and adaptation of a German play for children by a prolific writer of children’s comedies and fairy tale drama.

But before we come to a full understanding of this bfeaking spell, we must try to understand what he did to the fairy tale that was so revolutionary and why he did it. Through the artful use of images, Disney was able to sway the masses and gain their favor by being the sole controller of those and the supreme ruler of reality.

Of course, there are numerous ways to read Perrault’s tale, but whatever approach one chooses, it is apparent that the major protagonist is the cat. The Art of the Animated Image, Ed. However, to breajing Disney’s importance as designer and director of fairy-tale films that set a particular pattern and model as the film industry developed, it does make sense to elaborate on Crafton’s notions of self-figuration, for it provides an important teh for grasping the further development of the fairy tale as animated film or film in general.

In addition, proprietary rights to a particular tale were established, and the literary tale became a commodity that paradoxically spoke out in the name of the unbridled imagination. The king is so overwhelmed by his performance that he offers his daughter’s hand in marriage, but first he wants to know who the masked champion is. The tales themselves assumed a generic quality based on the function that they were to fulfill for the community or zpes incidents that they were to report, describe, and explain.

The illustrators were frequently anonymous and did not seem to count. As producer of the fairy-tale films and major owner of the Disney studios, he wanted to figure in the film and sought, as Crafton has noted, to create a more indelible means of self-figuration.